When it comes to child nutrition, we don’t always know what’s best, but there are essential food categories we need to follow. Above all, eating healthy for our children is crucial for their learning and development. Ensuring they receive vitamins, minerals, carbs, fats, and proteins makes up a healthy diet for our children.
The contents of this article are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition and before undertaking any diet, dietary supplement, exercise, or other health programs. Sassy Townhouse Living and authors are not responsible for any adverse effects resulting from your use of or reliance on any information or products contained in any article on this blog.
Child Nutrition – The Essentials Of Mother’s Milk
We all want our children to eat healthily but are not always sure of which nutrients and what amounts work best. Breast milk is the best and only food that nature has created for a newborn baby. It contains all the necessary nutrients in quality and quantity, ensuring good growth and proper baby development.
In addition, breast milk ensures a mother’s continued care and protection from the sometimes aggressive environment. Mom’s support in breastfeeding is essential for the baby during the first year of life. And this is when the immune system learns to recognize and fight all the harmful bacteria surroundings.
However, there are times when there is no or not enough breast milk. The baby switches to bottle feeding and continues its progress at some point. Therefore, it is necessary to take a rational approach to this issue. If there is a need to feed the baby formula, give preference to formula with reduced protein and the presence of fatty acids and probiotics.
However, after introducing solid foods, you should continue to feed your baby with a breast milk substitute for at least the first 12 months. Before transferring the child to formula feeding or introducing complementary feeding, visit your pediatrician and ask questions.
Once your baby does well with formula baring any allergic or digestive problems, they can continue on the same diet. Of course, parents can change the milk formula only based on the recommendations of a specialist.
Healthy Eating Is Crucial For Our Children
When it comes to child nutrition, a balanced diet is a prerequisite for the child’s physical and mental development. In addition, healthy eating is a key to maintaining health and resistance to adverse environmental factors, including pathogens. Typically, various foods groups come into play during the first year of life. And the daily menu includes fruit, dairy products, lean meat, fish, and vegetables.
However, although meals grow in diversity, children already have a reasonably well-developed sense of taste. Therefore, parents and pediatricians pay great attention to the child’s diet during this period since it is the most vulnerable stage of life. The most important part of a child’s nutrition is protein, the primary building material for all tissues and cells.
More importantly, if there’s a lack of protein in their diet, they are at risk for health and impairment issues. Milk, eggs, lean meat, cereals, beans, and fish contain essential amino acids and are integral to child nutrition. In addition to proteins, they have many complex carbohydrates, fiber, and vitamins.
Fats are a kind of “fuel” that supplies the body with energy. For young children, vegetable fats are good, with a high level of fatty acids. However, a healthy diet should also include the necessary amount of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are essential for muscle, heart, liver, and nervous system activity and the normal absorption of fats.
Moreover, the body gets most of its energy from vegetable carbohydrates. Bread, cereals, potatoes, sweet berries, and fruits contain a lot of carbohydrates. And among animal products, you can find them in milk.
Meat And Meat Products
The proportion of complete animal protein in the diet of a one-year-old child should be at least 70% of the total amount of protein. In this regard, animal meat and dairy products must be sufficiently present in the daily menu of a one-year-old child.
For a child older than one year, the daily ration may include lean varieties of animal meat (beef, pork, rabbit, lamb) and poultry (chicken, turkey). In addition to high protein value, meat products are a source of easily digestible iron, zinc, and B vitamins, so their biological significance is very high.
Milk And Dairy Products
Dairy products still have a crucial role in children’s diet over a year. And dairy is a source of high-quality protein, digestible fat, calcium, and vitamins. However, some children in their second year of life still receive breast milk. But milk products gradually replace them with whole cow’s or goat’s milk.
Dairy products make up an essential part of a child’s diet. Therefore, it’s an excellent idea to incorporate them three times a day. Ready-made products should not contain dyes and artificial additives and should include a minimum amount of sugar. When it comes to child nutrition, always check with your pediatrician first.
Eggs, Fish, And Seafood
Eggs are another source of complete protein. These products are also rich in fat-soluble vitamins, lecithin, iron, and phosphorus, which determines their high bio-value. In the diet of a one-year-old child, they can eat them several times a week as hard-boiled, scrambled eggs, cheesecakes, and casseroles. Typically, a child’s diet becomes diverse by including fish and seafood in the second year of life.
These products are valuable sources of trace elements, especially iodine, phosphorus, and protein. Lean fish makes its way into the child’s menu at one year of age. And you can often feed it to them 2-3 times a week. Unfortunately, fish and seafood are often the cause of allergic reactions, so parents should introduce these components with caution.
Child Nutrition And Legumes
When it comes to child nutrition, legumes can provide a great source of protein and fiber. Typically, children over 12 months old can enjoy them in their diets. In addition, beans, green peas, and lentils are rich in vegetable protein. Therefore, the primary nutritional value of these products is high in dietary fiber, trace elements, and B vitamins.
But all legumes increase gas formation in the intestine and do not belong to easily digestible products. In this regard, it’s a good idea to feed them less than two times a week. When serving your child legumes, remember to follow the guidelines recommended by your pediatrician.
Fruits And Vegetables Essential For Child Nutrition
Fruits and vegetables are two more groups of products that must be present in a child’s daily diet. They are a natural source of fiber, organic acids, and several vitamins and minerals. Additionally, the daily consumption of fruits and vegetables positively affects the digestive processes. Products of plant origin perfectly combine and complement other food groups. Pureed fruits and vegetables are the best options for baby snacks.
Remember, it’s crucial always to visit your pediatrician regarding child nutrition. While it’s a great idea to research and learn, always make sure you check with professionals beforehand.
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